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Article for IIE on Virtual Worlds

I was recently invited to contribute a small piece (a magazine half-page) for the Institute for International Education.  I’ve only just sent in my draft and am awaiting editorial response.  This exercise made me re-think why I believe virtual worlds can provide a unique and unparalleled educational experience for the right content.  It also made me look hard at what has stopped virtual worlds from becoming more main stream and why the fanfare of 2007-2010 went bust.  Sad thing is, not much has changed since I was at all actively involved.

Looking for research

Looking for recommendations of articles that discuss:

* the issue of “no significant different” when it comes to f2f vs. hybrid/online learning
* when one section of a course is taught hybrid/online and the other f2f – if a comparison is made
* what type of student takes online courses at a traditionally brick/mortar institution, and why

Any leads greatly appreciated.

Gamifying Education

I think you should watch the following…

…and then come back here to add as a comment about what you thought.

There’s 100XP for the first person to do it and 25XP for everyone after.  An addition 10XP if someone comments on your comment on it.


I’ll start a leader board as my next post.




An interesting side thought. My good friend Chris Alvino “liked” my Facebook post directing people to this blog. On Facebook, Twitter, and in Google Plus I wrote “Connect Penny Arcade and Gamifying Education. Ready. Go.”

So Facebook people can “like” or “share” my post. Should they go on the leader board? Someone on Twitter can reply or retweet. Should they go on the leader board? Those on Google + can +1 or Share what I posted there, should they go on the leader board?  I say yes  Should the credit be the same for everything?  I guess, for now.  Should a “like” be worth more than a “tweet”?  No.  Should something posted on Facebook be worth more than something on Google +? No.

iBooks Community

On February 22nd the ADP Center and the Emerging & Instructional Technology unit co-sponsored a roundtable discussion called “Apple’s iBooks and iTunes: It’s Complicated!”.

The meeting was a great success and the UStream recording can be found here.

As promised during the meeting, here is the information about the community that the ADP Center was gracious enough to create and host for us.  In fact, Gregg Festa has already posted a very interesting info graphic.

I hope you’ll all consider signing up and contributing.  I also hope you’ll consider forwarding the information below to your colleagues so we can create a vibrate and engaged community around these issues.

To join the group, go to and join the site.  Membership is moderated (to help avoid sp*mmers), but once you get the notice that its been approved, go to GROUPS and click on iBOOKS/iTUNES PILOT PROJECT and click JOIN in the upper right-hand corner.

Anyone can follow the discussion but you need to join the site and the group to participate.

You’ll also notice a Twitter feed there which is based on the hashtag #msuibooks.  If you’re on Twitter, make sure to add your Twitter name to the Comment Board.  When you post to Twitter, about the topic, make sure to include #msuibooks in your tweet.

Online Free Voice Recording Tool

I have a faculty member who teaches a language and she would like her students to have a conversation in the target language while recording it and then be able to send it to her.

We talked about Skype, and there is a great PC tool called Pamela that can record Skype, for free, under 15 minutes, and then the resulting file can be sent to someone.

We also talked about whether the students had smart phones.  My iPhone has an iTalk app that lets you record something and then email the file.

What we’re really looking for, thought, is a web-based app that two students, in different locations, can sign-in to, record a short conversation, and then have a file created that could be sent to the instructor.

If you can think of a tool like that, please leave the name in Comments below or email it to me.  If you don’t have my email address, you can find out how to contact me here.

What’s good for the goose…

For some time now we’ve been hearing about grade school administrations that have been holding students accountable for things they post to social network sites when they are not at school.  There have been numerous stories of students who have been suspended, kept from their prom or graduation, etc. because of something they posted to Facebook, or some other social media.

Well, apparently its ok to punish students for doing that but when a teacher does it, then its free speech.

This high school teacher from Florida recently went on a rant on Facebook about New York approving gay marriage.  He certainly has a right to his own opinion, although I’m not sure why he cares so much about what goes on in a state he doesn’t live in, but I digress.  According to this article the teacher

“wrote on his Facebook page that he “almost threw up” when he was having dinner and news came on of New York’s decision to allow same-sex marriage showed up July 25.

“If they want to call it a union, go ahead,” Buell wrote, according to ”But don’t insult a man and woman’s marriage by throwing it in the same cesspool as same-sex whatever! God will not be mocked. When did this sin become acceptable???”

Now, this guy has over 700 friends on Facebook, so this isn’t really a “private” matter, or just his opinion, he’s got a bit of a pulpit there and he is using it.  Ok, fine, his choice.  Although some of his friends did push back (and he promptly told them to unfriend him if they didn’t like what he wrote), but still others started a Facebook page to support him.  All of that is their right, I guess, sort of, until it become hate speech, then…not so much anymore.  Substitute the idea of “blacks” or “jews” or [insert any other minority group name here] and we’re talking prejudice, the kind that land people in some big trouble.

Well, according to the tweet that directed me to this article, the teacher was suspended but has since been reinstated.  According to the HuffPo article, this teacher claims “everything was done on a personal basis: on his own time and personal computer at home.” [note: the quote is from the author of the article and not necessarily an attribution to the teacher]

Wait – hold on one second.  Lets roll back to the beginning of my blog post here.  Schools are holding students accountable for the things they say on social networks when they are not at school, on their own time, and not using school equipment.  But according to this guy, its ok for him to spout anti-gay sentiments because, as he told The Sentinel that’s his “way I interpret things” and he was doing it not at work, on his own time, and not using school equipment.



I had the great fortune to attend TEDxNYED on Saturday.  This was the second year I was able to make this awesome event.  Last year we heard from the likes of Lawrence Lessing, Michael Wesch, Henry Jenkins, and Amy Bruckman, just to name a few.  It was an amazing day.  This year was no less amazing, although it was very focused on the K-12 learning environment.  I had a few minutes to chat with Co-Curator Karen Blumberg after the event and she accepted full credit/blame for that.  She must have heard that comment for more than one person, because she was quick to say it was all her doing, almost a little defensively.  I felt bad since I didn’t mean it in a bad way.  I thought she and Basil Kolani did an excellent job with this years events and I really enjoyed all the speakers.

I decided I was NOT going to be one of those tweeting every favorite line, since there would be more than one person doing that.  Besides, I hate when my feed ends up full of line and line after line from people using Twitter as their note pad.  Don’t get me wrong, I’m glad when people tweet a line or two – just not treating twitter as a LiveBlog.  I’ve included some of the one line notes (I might have tweeted) below.  Toward the end, I lose steam.  I was mentally and physically exhausted by the end of the day.  So the fact that I have no notes for Will Richardson and the others at the end is more a matter of fatigue than that he had nothing interesting to say.  Quite the contrary.

One thing I did learn…there is a K-12 revolution.  I don’t know how far beneath the surface it is, because I don’t pay attention to that area as closely as I should, but it is there, and it was an unspoken undercurrent of the entire day, at least for me.  This revolution is about how we teach K-12, and it has nothing to do with test scores or standardization.  Well, I guess it does, but not in the way those in power think of it.

As higher ed folks, we need to help them facilitate that revolution because that will have a direct impact on the quality of the students we’ll end up seeing in our higher education classrooms. In fact, aside from the quality of student, I’d guess it will increase the quantity.  So the industry of “higher education” has a financial incentive, along with the moral one.

We need to start talking about this more.  And in order to start a coordinated conversation, and a way for us all to follow this, I’m going to start using the hashtag #k12revo

Spread the word.

Alan November

  • Don’t teach any one technology, teach critical thinking and problem solving.  Technology will change.
  • Are our students leaving a legacy?
  • Purpose is what motivate people…Dan Pink book called “Drive”
  • What does purposeful work look Ike?

Homa Tavangar

Lucy Gray

  • The Global Education Conference
  • Technology is not dehumanizing people, quite the contrary

John Ellrodt and Maria Fico

TED video – Kiran Bir Sethi

  • The ican bug…it’s contagious
  • From “teacher told me” to “I can do it”
  • When children are empowered, not only do they do lol, they do very well

Gary Stager

  • Tougher is not an effective learning theory
  • “the Sasquatch effect” heard of it but never seen it before.
  • Innovation = willingness to change everything
  • A good prompt is worth a thousand words
  • Every visitor to your classroom is a teacher
  • We need to create environments that are coercion free.
  • Less us, more them

Brian Crosby

  • Get away from teaching kids how to be taught and move to teaching kids how to be learners

Heidi Hayes Jacob

  • What year are you preparing your students for?
  • Put GEO in front of everything you teach
  • What does a quality —- look like?
  • I’d rather have students make a Facebook page for Julius Ceasar instead of an essay

Dennis Littky

  • If you’re not standing not the edge, you’re taking up too much space

Diana Laufenberg

  • The culture of the one right answer

Rinat Aruh

  • Design has a role in education

Luyen Chou

  • The learning revolution…it didn’t happen

Patrick Carman

  • The high five….TV, Games, iPhone/Pad/Touch, Computer, Cell

Steve Bergen

  • FIO (figure it out) and plan b (what to do if plan a does not work)
  • The Jesse test… Nothing could ever please Jesse Helms, Jesse Jackson, and Jesse Ventura

Stacey Murphy

Samona Tait

Will Richardson

Internet “Kill” switch

** Warning – this is a long post, but well worth the read **

The following exchange took place on a listserve I follow that is made up primarily of high level IT/Administrative folks at institutions around the world (but mostly in the US).  I have scrubed any personal information.

I’m very interested in your thoughts on this.  Is it right for faculty to expect an technology answer for an “internet” free zone in their classroom or is it the instructors responsibility to manage that as part of regular classroom management?



I have been asked by some faculty to look into internet “kill switches” that would disable wireless internet access on personal laptops used during classroom instruction.  Here is a snippet of the original conversation.

Since we’ve been wrestling with the advent of personal computers being brought into our classes, and the plight of having to police students who are using their laptops for non-course-related activities during class sessions (playing games, surfing the web, checking Facebook, and the like), I’m wondering if we should check with the folks in IT and look into having our classrooms equipped with internet “kill switches”.  Many other colleges and universities have such devices, giving faculty the ability to control internet usage.  We have a similar control already available in the [snip] labs, but I’m curious if such an option might also be added to our classrooms?  This is just a thought that might benefit from discussion and consideration.  Problems surrounding personal computer use in our classes will only continue to be an issue; perhaps we should look into such an option more seriously?

The control to disable internet access in the [snip] labs that was referenced is using a product called LanSchool.  We install this in all our wired computer labs.  One of the features is that the instructor can disable access to the internet, but students can still use the rest of the features of the computer.

What are other institutions doing about this situation?  Is it even legal to block or kill wireless access?  I know that one approach is to put it back on the instructor to dictate behavior in the classroom.


I find it hard to believe the [snip] would allow us to kill cellular service, and even if we could, I shudder to think what the liability would be if we had disabled students’ cellular service and there was an emergency or other crisis. (How many schools use SMS for emergency communication services? We do.)  With 3G services now built into media consumption devices like iPads, I don’t think this is a battle IT should join. The faculty are going to have to control their own classrooms.


I should think that, since it is the University’s network, they may deploy it in whatever fashion they deem appropriate.

Several studies have been published recently indicating that students who have access to the Internet during class time tend to perform somewhat worse than those who do not, EVEN IF the access is used to augment the lecture material. Human beings are not well adapted to an interrupt-driven way of thinking, and having the laptops in the classroom tends to cause more interruptions in student thought processes than may normally occur when they are not used.

Just my two sous’ worth…


Wow.  Do the same profs who want the network disabled during class also take up cell phones (texting), pencils/pens (so students don’t doodle), and attempt to close the minds of the students so they don’t wander somewhere “unapproved”?

As an IT professional, MBA student, and father of college students I find this mindset repulsive.  I have found that most faculty of this mindset are more concerned with the sharpshooting that comes from those of us who don’t think that what we were just told is “the absolute truth” – or on some occasions, even remotely accurate.  I think that instead of concerning themselves with how to STOP the use of technology, they should spend more time on including it.  Additionally, they may need to work on their presentation skills.  I find that in those classes where the prof is boring, I surf.  If they are intellectually stimulating or able to present material in a captivating way, I don’t even start up my laptop.  If we ever implemented such a blocking technology on our campus, I would no longer attend class myself, move my kids who are attending to a more progressive school, and update my resume so that I could work for an institution that embraces the future as opposed to one trying to force us into the past.


I realize this comment is not going to be particularly helpful nor answer your specific question, but I can’t resist suggesting that we (because I know this question comes up on many of our campuses) should be asking ourselves two relevant questions here:

(1) Why are we investing significant resources in Internet and wireless access in general if faculty simply want to turn it off?

(2) Why are our students more interested in engaging with “playing games, surfing the web, and using Facebook” (all of which I would argue lead to significant learning) then the classes they are paying large sums of money to attend?

I’m obviously being a bit playful here in my questions as I know there are more to these issues but I do believe that they point to more serious questions about the degree to which we in higher education are engaging today’s students in meaningful learning experiences.  Maybe we should be turning this question around on faculty and asking them why they are not using games, the web and social networking more in their classroom instruction ;-) .

p.s. On a more practical note, I’d suggest finding more policy-based solutions to this issue…if students were bringing magazines to class and reading them while the lecture was going on I don’t think we would be talking about ways to shut off the lights so that they couldn’t read any more…we’d simply tell them not to do it and set up some consequences if they did.


I have taken the position that it is impossible to do this effectively without putting the classroom inside a Faraday cage.  With all of the mobile devices that students are carrying, just disabling the wireless and/or the wired connection in the classroom will not be effective as long as some students have a mobile device that can get cell coverage.

As I read your question more carefully, it is really two questions – can we block the Internet and can we block wireless.  The answer to the first is above.  The answer to the second is probably with appropriate technology.

To me, the bigger question is should we do this?  This is similar to the questions about blocking certain web sites to solve personnel issues.  I remember, long before the days of the Internet, that if we did not want to pay attention in class we could always find a way to do that and the instructors fought an ongoing battle to keep our attention.  Technology has just made this so much easier.  As long as the students who are not pay attention are not having an impact on others in the class, they are only hurting themselves.


A valid point on the 3G/4G network information; very difficult to stop that. School wireless could be shut down, but you really cannot stop the public carriers’ signals without effectively disrupting your emergency communications process (assuming you use cell phone service for that – who doesn’t?).

The bottom line, as he said, lies with the professor. My wife never let students use laptops or other devices in her classroom. Her philosophy is “You paid money to hear me, so I am going to make certain you do so.”


Just to pose a counter suggestion here…

If the goal is to sit in a class and absorb information being broadcast out from a lecturer, then I would agree that accessing the Internet while that was going on could be distraction and students might not do as well spitting back answers on a test based on that lecture.  This said, I’d theorize that if the Internet access in these classrooms was used to engage students in a real world simulation or problem solving project in which they were applying information to address real world challenges that they would outperform those sitting in the lecture (with or without laptops).

My point here is that anything can be a barrier to the learning process, it depends on how it is used.  If I flickered the lights off and on during a lecture it too would probably distract folks, but we don’t talk about removing lights from classrooms just because someone might use them in ways that distract from learning.


At the risk of sounding like a dinosaur, in MY day I could easily have napped in certain lectures as some of the other students chose to do.  If I didn’t it was because I was interested in the topic and recognized my need to listen and/or interact with the faculty member.  if students choose not to do so, it is not the job of IT Services nor, I would suggest, the administration to enforce a longer attention span on its students.  *shaking my fist and yelling ‘Hey you kids get offa the lawn!” *


The recently published Shakespeare’s Blackberry has an interesting take on this issue which could inform decision-making on this subject. (cf. ).  The university has a long architectural tradition of building alcoves, cloisters and carrels to enable students to disconnect from the world and engage in focused thinking.  In so far as we still value these traditions we should be working to build the same sort of options into our information technologies as well.


Oops…my apologies to Powers; the book is Hamlet’s Blackberry


Internet-connected devices are trending toward operating on either WiFi or cellular networks.  Wired network ports in classrooms are mostly a thing of the past, except for the instructor’s use.  Aside from the liability issue Rick mentions of actively preventing people from calling for help in an emergency, the FCC has the following to say, which generally ends the conversation quickly:

From :

The operation of transmitters designed to jam or block wireless communications is a violation of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (“Act”). See 47 U.S.C. Sections 301, 302a, 333. The Act prohibits any person from willfully or maliciously interfering with the radio communications of any station licensed or authorized under the Act or operated by the U.S. government. 47 U.S.C. Section 333. The manufacture, importation, sale or offer for sale, including advertising, of devices designed to block or jam wireless transmissions is prohibited. 47 U.S.C. Section 302a(b). Parties in violation of these provisions may be subject to the penalties set out in 47 U.S.C. Sections 501-510. Fines for a first offense can range as high as $11,000 for each violation or imprisonment for up to one year, and the device used may also be seized and forfeited to the U.S. government.


I’ll agree that students have responsibility in the learning process and if they choose to not fulfill these then it is their lose (both in knowledge and dollars).

This said, I would argue that we in education also have a responsibility to engage our students in meaningful learning experiences that will provide them with the skills they need to succeed in the world.  I think there is a lot of compelling research-based evidence that teaching models that are dominated by lectures do not lead to the learning outcomes (critical thinking, problem solving, etc.) that we know are so critical for success in today’s world.

There is a difference in my mind between students napping in classes and them engaging in things like surfing the web and interacting with people via facebook.  Napping might tell us they are partying too much or the lecture is just boring.  Exploring web content and interacting with peers would more point to students who are awake and ready to learn, but who have found that they can get more from the technology tools they have at their finger tips then listening to the lecture.

Last, I would differ with you on the role that IT or at least academic technologist should be playing in these issues.  Given our knowledge of how technology can be used to enhance learning and the lot of this knowledge among many faculty, I do see a critical leadership role for us on our campus…one where we are not just providing excellence support services (a vital role for sure) but one in which we are questioning the logic of “Internet kill switches” and pushing faculty to view these technologies as powerful new instructional tools.


If the students choose to go to the carrels to “disconnect from the world and engage in focused thinking,” why cannot theychoose to turn off the device?  We need to learn to master the device and not be a slave to it.


I wouldn’t disagree with any of your points below as appropriate assignment of responsibilities is critical for our organizations:

  1. The faculty member as a dynamic and proactive developer of their curriculum
  2. The faculty member as an expert at pedagogy.
  3. IT as the conduit or the provider of technology infrastructure
  4. Academic Technologists as the guide and perhaps therapist for curricula that may be enhanced by a facet or facets of technology
  5. The student as the other and equally critical part of the teaching and learning formula
  6. The bars for enforcing the drinking age.

But I don’t think developing a “no blackberry/iPad/laptop/new gadget to come” policy is particularly useful as more eloquently stated by other contributors to this thread already.


Hooray – finally.  Not every human problem can be solved by technology.  A professor told me once he only teaches a lesson once and if the student misses the lesson because they’re on Facebook or texting a friend too bad.  Humans need to be held accountable for their actions not technology.


There are tools (like Student Response Systems and websites like polleverywhere) that can make a lecture more engaging and require students to pay attention.  And too, there is always the option for instructors to prerecord their lectures, place them on the internet and ask students to view them before class, so they can use class time for activities.

There are many ways to solve a problem, and the solution doesn’t have to be to take the technology away–especially when the students should be treated as adults, not children.


Hello all …

We actually had this same sort of query come up during our IT Strategic Planning exercise in 2005-06, and it resulted in an action item to address the situation.  Following is the way that was handed, as provided in our update/progress report in 2009:

ACTION ITEM 7.04: Policies should be developed so that instructors may discourage inappropriate use of wireless and other information technologies within the classroom.  This action item has been completed.

It was determined by the [snip] that instructors already possessed the ability to guide the use of IT in their classroom through existing classroom management policies [snip], and that a simple inclusion of instructor expectations for technology could be incorporated into syllabi as deemed necessary by individual faculty members.

So basically, the faculty already had/have the policy to control their classroom and they can exercise that control at their discretion in a variety of ways.  In the committee that debated 7.04, we addressed many of the technological barriers to blocking (i.e., we really can’t effectively do it) as well as engaged the faculty in a healthy discussion of how teaching should evolve to take advantage of technology and students’ use of it.  The faculty also shared ways in which they “control” use — some mentioned that if you have a laptop or device, you needed to sit down front — though in the intervening years, the number of students with these devices renders even that a bit insipid — there aren’t enough front seats!

We haven’t had this arise again since that discussion in 2007.  if it does, we point them toward the FITS update and help them understand the history.


We had the same question raised when we first started deploying wireless.  I asked the faculty what they would do if the student was reading a novel and how is being on a laptop different?  They agreed that it is a classroom management issue and it has never been raised again.

I find that people (not just faculty) look to technology as an easy way out, whether or not it is appropriate.  I find it interesting that of all the posts, we are not seeing the “Many other colleges and universities” with the kill switches for wireless.


And what about the faculty who are secretly using their iPhones and Blackberries under the table during

For the record, I am not in a meeting at this time :-)

Sent from my iPhone


I couldn’t agree more with my former colleague, [snip].  [snip] also cuts to the chase and makes the point very clear : it’s not the technology that is the problem; it’s the user (student) that needs to be held accountable.

I talk with my faculty all the time about technology in the classroom.  Rather that shutting it down, figure out ways to use it.  And they all agree that it’s the responsibility of the professor to keep the student engaged; keep them interactive and interested so they aren’t chatting on-line with their Facebook friends.

While we (College of Ed) do have relatively small class sizes (20 or so), handling the classroom is a bit easier than the lecture halls filled with students (100+) – but these classes aren’t usually interactive – students sit; instructors speak.

It’s not a technology issue – it’s a management issue.


Very interesting posts.  My sister, who was visiting the last couple of days reminded me that when  we went to college in the 70′s and 80′s it was often difficult to  study on campus because of all the hi-fi units broadcasting anthem rock into the quads.  Today’s students, if not quiet, are at least quieter; we’re all still listening to music but now we do it on our ipods as often as not leaving others in peace.  All of this is to say that if some faculty are asking for internet kill switches and are worried that I.T. innovations are jeopardizing our ability to engage in focused study there are at least a few inventions in recent years that have improved things.

More largely, I think that in some ways were at the middle stages of a conversation rather than at the end of one.  And [snip] broaches an important thread of it in suggesting that when the issue of kill switches comes up it’s a good opportunity to work with instructors to examine the assumptions underlying their own pedagogy and explore whether more social-networking and use of online tools might be the answer rather than less.   It’s a worth-while conversation and faculty should feel an obligation to explain why they want less connectedness rather than more.   But the same obligation extends to us as technologists (albeit in reverse).  After all, we are the ones who are complicit in bringing the distractions of the internet into the classroom. If we want to absolve ourselves of having to provide kill switches in classrooms we better be ready to explain why our current initiatives to wire up the campus are (in spite of some instructor’s impressions) in keeping with longstanding university initiatives to find a balance between the university as a quiet remove and one that is also connected with the larger world that sustains it.  Following William Power’s we’ll be better able to cultivate the good will of our faculty if we can assure them that our policies aren’t driven simply by digital maximalism.

PS:   In our next iteration of LMSs, higher education has been spending a lot of time and energy in thinking about how to build in options that allow instructors to control the amount of permeability in their virtual classroom walls.  If we’re eager to provide these technical options in our virtual solutions perhaps we shouldn’t be too quick to dismiss the idea of providing these options in our brick and mortar classrooms as well.

UNC TLT Conference Plenary

The University of North Carolina Teaching and Learning with Technology Conference will be held entirely in Second Life and is free to all those who register.  I will be the plenary presenter at the opening of the conference on Tuesday, April 13th, at 9:00pm Eastern Time (6:00am Second Life Time).  The conference lasts for three days and has over 50 scheduled sessions in a well-rounded and well-informed schedule.

You can find general information about the conference here:

The conference sessions are listed here:

And registration is here:

Here is the description of my session:

Big wheels generally move slowly and formal education can be a fairly big wheel. For many years, how we taught did not change. More recently there has been a shift from the “sage on the stage” methodology to a “guide on the side” approach. This constructivist approach has been at the heart of Montclair State University’s (MSU) nearly 3-year adventure in Second Life. AJ Kelton (SL: AJ Brooks), Director of Emerging Instructional Technology for the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at MSU, will take session attendees through the three phases of adoption MSU has gone through since opening their first of three islands in April of 2007. Included will be detailed highlights of some of the most popular and pedagogically sound locations on MSU’s Second Life presence. The discussion will conclude with a brief look at what could be next for education and virtual environments. Following this presentation Mr. Kelton will take question from the audience.

Academic iPad Wiki

I’ve been seeing many resources floating around already regarding the use of the iPad in education. I decided I wanted to start keeping track of those. Then I thought that it might be a great idea to get other to help, with the benefit that they would be able to see the resources also. So, I decided to start a wiki – which allows anyone and everyone to edit and add their resources.

The site address is:

It is open for everyone, to see or edit, so please share the link with folks. If you have any resources you’d like to share, please do – I’m sure everyone will be most appreciative (especially me. :> )

Once again I amm laying in bed watching the d bulls play and working on things that I woud normally need to be sitting at my defsk to do. I was never one to feel comfortable using a laptop in bed.

Facebook krocks on the iPad